The Gospel According to Rome ~ Part 4:6

TRUTH Please first read the Introduction as to why these blog posts are necessary. Back to Part 4 Index.

SPIRITUAL AUTHORITY: Error versus Truth

The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

6. The Magisterium is the authoritative teacher of the Church [RC Catechism 85-87].

85 "The task of giving an authentic interpretation of the Word of God, whether in its written form or in the form of Tradition, has been entrusted to the living teaching office of the Church alone. Its authority in this matter is exercised in the name of Jesus Christ."47 This means that the task of interpretation has been entrusted to the
bishops in communion with the successor of Peter, the Bishop of Rome.

86 "Yet this Magisterium is not superior to the Word of God, but is its servant. It teaches only what has been handed on to it. At the divine command and with the help of the Holy Spirit, it listens to this devotedly, guards it with dedication and expounds it faithfully. All that it proposes for belief as being divinely revealed is drawn from this single deposit of faith."48

87 Mindful of Christ’s words to his apostles: "He who hears you, hears me",49 The faithful receive with docility the teachings and directives that their pastors give them in different forms.

47 DV 10 # 2.
48 DV 10 para 2.
49 Lk 10:16; cf. LG 20.

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

The Holy Spirit is the authoritative teacher of the church (John 14:26; 16:13; 1 John 2:27).

26  But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you. ~ John 14:26

13  Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come. ~ John 16:13

27  But the anointing which ye have received of him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in him. ~ 1 John 2:27

Soli Deo Gloria

The Gospel According to Rome ~ Part 4:5

TRUTH Please first read the Introduction as to why these blog posts are necessary. Back to Part 4 Index.

SPIRITUAL AUTHORITY: Error versus Truth

The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

5. God has entrusted revelation to the Roman Catholic bishops [RC Catechism 81, 86].

81 "Sacred Scripture is the speech of God as it is put down in writing under the breath of the Holy Spirit."42

"and [Holy] Tradition transmits in its entirety the Word of God which has been entrusted to the apostles by Christ the Lord and the Holy Spirit. It transmits it to the successors of the apostles so that, enlightened by the Spirit of truth, they may faithfully preserve, expound and spread it abroad by their preaching."43

42 DV 9.
43 DV 9.

86 "Yet this Magisterium is not superior to the Word of God, but is its servant. It teaches only what has been handed on to it. At the divine command and with the help of the Holy Spirit, it listens to this devotedly, guards it with dedication and expounds it faithfully. All that it proposes for belief as being divinely revealed is drawn from this single deposit of faith."48

48 DV 10 para 2.

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

God has entrusted revelation to the saints (Jude 3).

3  Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto you of the common salvation, it was needful for me to write unto you, and exhort you that ye should earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints. ~ Jude 3

Soli Deo Gloria

The Gospel According to Rome ~ Part 4:4

TRUTH Please first read the Introduction as to why these blog posts are necessary. Back to Part 4 Index.

SPIRITUAL AUTHORITY: Error versus Truth

The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

4. The bishops, with the Pope as their head, rule the universal Church [RC Catechism 883, 894-896].

883 "The college or body of bishops has no authority unless united
with the Roman Pontiff, Peter’s successor, as its head." As such, this
college has "supreme and full authority over the universal Church; but this power cannot be exercised without the agreement of the Roman Pontiff."404

404 LG 22; cf. CIC, can 336.

894 "The bishops, as vicars and legates of Christ, govern the particular Churches assigned to them by their counsels, exhortations, and example, but over and above that also by the authority and sacred power" which indeed they ought to exercise so as to edify, in the spirit of service which is that of their Master.426

895 "The power which they exercise personally in the name of Christ, is proper, ordinary, and immediate, although its exercise is ultimately controlled by the supreme authority of the Church."427 But the bishops should not be thought of as vicars of the Pope. His ordinary and immediate authority over the whole Church does not annul, but on the contrary confirms and defends that of the bishops. Their authority must be exercised in communion with the whole Church under the guidance of the Pope.

896 The Good Shepherd ought to be the model and "form" of the bishop’s pastoral office. Conscious of his own weaknesses, "the bishop . . . can have compassion for those who are ignorant and erring. He should not refuse to listen to his subjects whose welfare he promotes as of his very own children…. the faithful … should be closely attached to the bishop as the Church is to Jesus Christ, and as Jesus Christ is to the Father":428

426 LG 27; cf. Lk 22:26-27.
427 LG 27.
428 LG 27 # 2.

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Christ, the head of the body, rules the universal church (Colossians 1:18).

18  And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence. ~ Colossians 1:18

Soli Deo Gloria

The Gospel According to Rome ~ Part 4:3

TRUTH Please first read the Introduction as to why these blog posts are necessary. Back to Part 4 Index.

SPIRITUAL AUTHORITY: Error versus Truth

The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

3. The Pope, as the Bishop of Rome, is the successor of Peter [RC Catechism 882, 936].

882 The Pope, Bishop of Rome and Peter’s successor, "is the perpetual and visible source and foundation of the unity both of the bishops and of the whole company of the faithful."402 "For the Roman Pontiff, by reason of his office as Vicar of Christ, and as pastor of the entire Church has full, supreme, and universal power over the whole Church, a power which he can always exercise unhindered."403

402 LG 23.
403 LG 22; cf. CD 2,9.

936 The Lord made St. Peter the visible foundation of his Church. He entrusted the keys of the Church to him. the bishop of the Church of Rome, successor to St. Peter, is "head of the college of bishops, the Vicar of Christ and Pastor of the universal Church on earth" (CIC, can. 331).

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Peter had no successor.

Soli Deo Gloria

The Gospel According to Rome ~ Part 4:2

TRUTH Please first read the Introduction as to why these blog posts are necessary. Back to Part 4 Index.

SPIRITUAL AUTHORITY: Error versus Truth

The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

2. The bishops are the successors of the apostles [RC Catechism 861-862, 938].

861 "In order that the mission entrusted to them might be continued after their death, [the apostles] consigned, by will and testament, as it were, to their immediate collaborators the duty of completing and consolidating the work they had begun, urging them to tend to the whole flock, in which the Holy Spirit had appointed them to shepherd the Church of God. They accordingly designated such men and then made the ruling that likewise on their death other proven men should take over their ministry."374

862 "Just as the office which the Lord confided to Peter alone, as first of the apostles, destined to be transmitted to his successors, is a permanent one, so also endures the office, which the apostles received, of shepherding the Church, a charge destined to be exercised without interruption by the sacred order of bishops."375 Hence the Church teaches that "the bishops have by divine institution taken the place of the apostles as pastors of the Church, in such wise that whoever listens to them is listening to Christ and whoever despises them despises Christ and him who sent Christ."376

374 LG 20; cf. Acts 20:28; St. Clement of Rome, Ad Cor. 42, 44: PG 1, 291-300.
375 LG 20 # 2.
376 LG 20 # 2.

938 The Bishops, established by the Holy Spirit, succeed the apostles. They are "the visible source and foundation of unity in their own particular Churches" (LG 23).

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

The apostles had no successors, for to succeed them one needed to be a witness of Christ’s resurrection (Acts 1:21,22).

21  Wherefore of these men which have companied with us all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us,
22  Beginning from the baptism of John, unto that same day that he was taken up from us, must one be ordained to be a witness with us of his resurrection. ~ Acts 1:21,22

Soli Deo Gloria

The Gospel According to Rome ~ Part 4:1

TRUTH Please first read the Introduction as to why these blog posts are necessary. Back to Part 4 Index.

SPIRITUAL AUTHORITY: Error versus Truth

The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

1. Peter was the head of the apostles [RC Catechism 552, 765, 880].

552 Simon Peter holds the first place in the college of the Twelve;283 Jesus entrusted a unique mission to him. Through a revelation from the Father, Peter had confessed: "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God." Our Lord then declared to him: "You are Peter, and on this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against it."284 Christ, the "living Stone",285 thus assures his Church, built on Peter, of victory over the powers of death. Because of the faith he confessed Peter will remain the unshakeable rock of the Church. His mission will be to keep this faith from every lapse and to strengthen his brothers in it.286

283 Cf Mk 3:16; 9:2; Lk 24:34; I Cor 15:5.
284 Mt 16:18.
285 I Pt 2:4.
286 Cf. Lk 22:32.

765 The Lord Jesus endowed his community with a structure that will remain until the Kingdom is fully achieved. Before all else there is the choice of the Twelve with Peter as their head.168 Representing the twelve tribes of Israel, they are the foundation stones of the new Jerusalem.169 The Twelve and the other disciples share in Christ’s mission and his power, but also in his lot.170 By all his actions, Christ prepares and builds his Church.

168 Cf. Mk 3:14-15.
169 Cf. Mt 19:28; Lk 22:30; Rev 21:12-14.
170 Cf. Mk 6:7; Lk 10:1-2; Mt 10:25; Jn 15:20.

880 When Christ instituted the Twelve, "he constituted [them] in the form of a college or permanent assembly, at the head of which he placed Peter, chosen from among them."398 Just as "by the Lord’s institution, St. Peter and the rest of the apostles constitute a single apostolic college, so in like fashion the Roman Pontiff, Peter’s successor, and the bishops, the successors of the apostles, are related with and united to one another."399

398 LG 19; cf. Lk 6:13; Jn 21:15-17.
399 LG 22; cf. CIC, can. 330.

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Christ was the head of the apostles (John 13:13).

13  Ye call me Master and Lord: and ye say well; for so I am. ~ John 13:13

Soli Deo Gloria

The Gospel According to Rome ~ Part 4 Index

Galatians 4:16 Please first read the Introduction as to why these blog posts are necessary. This is the Part 4 Index.

SPIRITUAL AUTHORITY: Error versus Truth

The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

1. Peter was the head of the apostles [RC Catechism 552, 765, 880].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Christ was the head of the apostles (John 13:13).

Read more at Part 4:1 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

2. The bishops are the successors of the apostles [RC Catechism 861-862, 938].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

The apostles had no successors, for to succeed them one needed to be a witness of Christ’s resurrection (Acts 1:21,22).

Read more at Part 4:2 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

3. The Pope, as the Bishop of Rome, is the successor of Peter [RC Catechism 882, 936].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Peter had no successor.

Read more at Part 4:3 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

4. The bishops, with the Pope as their head, rule the universal Church [RC Catechism 883, 894-896].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Christ, the head of the body, rules the universal church (Colossians 1:18).

Read more at Part 4:4 >

_______________________

The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

5. God has entrusted revelation to the Roman Catholic bishops [RC Catechism 81, 86].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

God has entrusted revelation to the saints (Jude 3).

Read more at Part 4:5 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

6. The Magisterium is the authoritative teacher of the Church [RC Catechism 85-87].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

The Holy Spirit is the authoritative teacher of the church (John 14:26; 16:13; 1 John 2:27).

Read more at Part 4:6 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

7. The Magisterium is the infallible interpreter of Scripture [RC Catechism 890-891, 2034-2035].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Scripture is the only infallible interpreter of Scripture (Acts 17:11).

Read more at Part 4:7 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

8. The Pope is infallible in his authoritative teaching [RC Catechism 891].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

God alone is infallible (Numbers 23:19).

Read more at Part 4:8 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

9. The Magisterium alone has the ability and the right to interpret Scripture [RC Catechism 85, 100, 939].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Every Christian, aided by the Holy Spirit, has the ability and the right to interpret Scripture (Acts 17:11; 1 Corinthians 2:12-16).

Read more at Part 4:9 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

10. Scripture is to be interpreted in the sense in which it has been defined by the Magisterium [RC Catechism 113, 119].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Scripture must be interpreted in the original sense intended by the Holy Spirit (2 Peter 3:14-16).

Read more at Part 4:10 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

11. The Magisterium has the right to define truth found only obscurely or implicitly in revelation [RC Catechism 66, 88, 2035, 2051].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

No one has the right to go beyond what is written in Scripture (1 Corinthians 4:6; Proverbs 30:6).

Read more at Part 4:11 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

12. Scripture and Tradition together are the Word of God [RC Catechism 81, 85, 97, 182].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Scripture is the Word of God (John 10:35; 2 Timothy 3:16,17; 2 Peter 1:20,21). Tradition is the words of men (Mark 7:1-13).

Read more at Part 4:12 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

13. Scripture and Tradition together are the Church’s supreme rule of faith [RC Catechism 80, 82].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Scripture is the church’s only rule of faith (Mark 7:7-13; 2 Timothy 3:16,17).

Read more at Part 4:13 >

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Note – Quoted from pp308-309 of The Gospel According to Rome: Comparing Catholic Tradition and the Word of God by James G. McCarthy, 1995

Soli Deo Gloria

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