The Gospel According to Rome ~ Part 1 Index

Galatians 4:16 Please first read the Introduction as to why these blog posts are necessary. This is the Part 1 Index.

SALVATION: Error versus Truth

The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

1. Justification is a transformation of the soul in which original sin is removed and sanctifying grace infused [RC Catechism 1987-1995].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Justification is an act of God in which He declares a sinner to be righteous in His sight, having forgiven his sins and imputed to him God’s own righteousness (Romans 3:21-4:8).

Read more at Part 1:1 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

2. Initial justification is by means of baptism [RC Catechism 1262-1274].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Justification is by faith alone (Romans 3:28).

Read more at Part 1:2 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

3. Adults must prepare for justification through faith and good works [RC Catechism 1247-1249].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

God justifies ungodly sinners who believe (Romans 4:5). Good works are the result of salvation, not the cause (Ephesians 2:8-10).

Read more at Part 1:3 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

4. The justified are in themselves beautiful and holy in God’s sight [RC Catechism 1992, 1999-2000, 2024].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

The justified are in Christ holy and blameless before God (Ephesians 1:1-14).

Read more at Part 1:4 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

5. Justification is furthered by sacraments and good works [RC Catechism 1212, 1392, 2010].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Justification is the imputation of the perfect righteousness of God (2 Corinthians 5:21). In Christ the believer has been made complete (Colossians 2:10).

Read more at Part 1:5 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

6. Justification is lost through mortal sin [RC Catechism 1033, 1855, 1874].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Justification cannot be lost. Those whom God justifies will be saved from the wrath of God (Romans 5:8,9).

Read more at Part 1:6 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

7. Catholics guilty of mortal sin are justified again through the sacrament of penance [RC Catechism 980, 1446].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

There is no second justification. Those whom God justifies He also will glorify (Romans 8:30).

Read more at Part 1:7 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

8. Salvation from the eternal consequences of sin is a lifelong process [RC Catechism 161-162, 1254-1255].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Salvation from the eternal consequences of sin is an instantaneous and secure act of God coinciding with justification (Romans 5:9).

Read more at Part 1:8 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

9. Salvation is attained by cooperating with grace through faith, good works, and participation in the sacraments [RC Catechism 183, 1129, 1815, 2002].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Salvation is attained by grace through faith apart from works (Ephesians 2:8,9). Good works are the result, not the cause, of salvation (Ephesians 2:10).

Read more at Part 1:9 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

10. Faith is belief in God and the firm acceptance of all that the Church proposes for belief [RC Catechism 181-182, 1814].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Saving faith is the entrusting of oneself to Christ as Lord and Saviour (Romans 10:8-17).

Read more at Part 1:10 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

11. Sanctifying grace is a quality of the soul, a supernatural disposition that perfects the soul [RC Catechism 1999-2000].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Grace is the undeserved favour of God (Ephesians 1:7,8).

Read more at Part 1:11 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

12. The sacraments are necessary channels for the continual infusion of grace. They bestow grace in virtue of the rite performed [RC Catechism 1127-1129].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

The child of God is the constant object of the Father’s grace (Romans 5:1,2).

Read more at Part 1:12 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

13. Grace is merited by good works [RC Catechism 2010, 2017].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Grace is a free gift (Romans 11:6).

Read more at Part 1:13 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

14. Venial sins do not incur eternal punishment [RC Catechism 1855, 1863].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Every sin is punishable by eternal death (Romans 6:23).

Read more at Part 1:14 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

15. Serious sins must be confessed to a priest [RC Catechism 1456-1457].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Sin is to be confessed directly to God (Ezra 10:11).

Read more at Part 1:15 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

16. The priest forgives sin as a judge [RC Catechism 1442, 1461].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

No one can forgive sin but God alone (Mark 2:7).

Read more at Part 1:16 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

17. When the guilt of sin is forgiven, temporal punishment remains [RC Catechism 1472-1473].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

When God forgives sin, He completely forgives (Colossians 2:13; Isaiah 43:25).

Read more at Part 1:17 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

18. Acts of penance make satisfaction for the temporal punishment of sin [RC Catechism 1434, 1459-1460].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Jesus made perfect satisfaction for all sins (1 John 2:1,2).

Read more at Part 1:18 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

19. Indulgences dispensed by the Church for acts of piety release sinners from temporal punishment [RC Catechism 1471-1473].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Jesus releases believers from their sins by His blood (Revelation 1:5).

Read more at Part 1:19 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

20. Purgatory is necessary to atone for sin and cleanse the soul [RC Catechism 1030-1031].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Purgatory does not exist. Jesus made purification for sins on the cross (Hebrews 1:3).

Read more at Part 1:20 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

21. Poor souls suffering in purgatory can be helped by those alive on earth offering up prayers, good works, and the sacrifice of the Mass [RC Catechism 1032, 1371, 1479].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Those who sleep in Christ need no help. To be absent from the body is to be at home with the Lord (2 Corinthians 5:8).

Read more at Part 1:21 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

22. No one can know if he will attain to eternal life [RC Catechism 1036, 2005].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

The believer can know that he has eternal life by the Word of God (1 John 5:13).

Read more at Part 1:22 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

23. Eternal life is a merited reward [RC Catechism 1821, 2010].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

Eternal life is the free gift of God (Romans 6:23).

Read more at Part 1:23 >

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The Catholic Church Teaches (ERROR)

24. The Roman Catholic Church is necessary for salvation [RC Catechism 846].

The Bible Teaches (TRUTH)

There is salvation in no one but the Lord Jesus Christ, “for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved” (Acts 4:12).

Read more at Part 1:24 >

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Note – Quoted from pp118-121 of The Gospel According to Rome: Comparing Catholic Tradition and the Word of God by James G. McCarthy, 1995Soli Deo Gloria

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