Signs and Seasons in the Heavens

In the beginning when God created the Heaven and the Earth, God created all things with a purpose to fulfil His will. More specifically we read the creation account of Day 4 of the Creation Week, in Genesis 1:14-19 which reads as follows:

Gen 1:14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:
Gen 1:15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.
Gen 1:16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.
Gen 1:17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,
Gen 1:18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.
Gen 1:19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day. (my emphasis and throughout)

God speaks from Heaven by signs and seasons – not just the four seasons as we know them as Winter, Spring, Summer and Autumn, but the appointed times and festivals as we read in the Strong’s Complete Word Study Concordance under the Hebrew word:

4150 מועד môwʿêd, mo-ade’; or מעד ʿêd, mo-ade’; or (feminine) מועדה môwʿâdâh, mo-aw-daw’; (2 Ch 8:13), from 3259; properly an appointment, i.e. a fixed time or season; specifically a festival; conventionally a year; by implication, an assembly (as convened for a definite purpose); technically the congregation; by extension, the place of meeting; also a signal (as appointed beforehand):- appointed (sign, time), (place of, solemn) assembly, congregation, (set, solemn) feast, (appointed, due) season, solemn (-ity), synagogue, (set) time (appointed).

A masculine noun meaning an appointed time or place. It can signify an appointed meeting time in general (Ge 18:14; Ex 13:10); a specific appointed time, usually for a sacred feast or festival (Hos 9:5; 12:9); …

When YHVH created the earth, God set in place an axial tilt of 23.4° which is perfect for the climatic seasons that we experience. It is also perfect to work in harmony with the moon which does not only govern the ocean tides, but also reveals the festival seasons to be celebrated in accordance with the lunar months that dictate the Hebrew calendar. As can be seen from the graphic hereunder the Jewish Festivals as recorded in Leviticus 23 are divinely placed in the harvest seasons of Spring and Autumn.

Earth and Moon Phases

There are also certain lesser Jewish feast days like Hanukkah, Purim and Ninth of Av that are also celebrated, but are not recorded under Leviticus 23. We can also see from YHVH’s prophetic calendar that the pagan man-made holiday of “Christmas” does not find any place or command in YHVH’s feasts. To understand the Feast Holy Days, the main Spring Holy Days have already been historically fulfilled by the first coming of Yeshua Messiah (Jesus Christ), these being Passover, Unleavened Bread, Firstfruits and Pentecost. The remaining main Autumn Holy Days, being Trumpets, Day of Atonement and Tabernacles will be fulfilled at Yeshua’s second coming.


While some Christian believers have said that Hanukkah could be seen as “Christmas”, the real reason for the celebration of the Jewish Feast of Hanukkah is the celebration of retaking the Temple after Antiochus Epiphanes, an evil Greco-Syrian king had desecrated the Temple. There can therefore be no collaborations with “Christmas”. Hanukkah starts 25 Chislev and lasts for eight days. This therefore shows that it is not “Christmas” as we look at the Gregorian calendar days when the celebration takes place:

  • 2014 – December 16-24;
  • 2015 – December 6-14.

Not only does the days fluctuate, but it is never constant for one day December 25 and the Jewish celebration also lasts eight days.


A lesser Jewish festival held in the Spring in the Hebrew month Adar 14, to commemorate the defeat of Haman’s plot to massacre the Jews as recorded in the Book of Esther. The dates are:

  • 2014 – March 15-16;
  • 2015 – March 4-5.

Passover (Pesach), Unleavened Bread and Firstfruits

These Feast Days were fulfilled in Yeshua Messiah’s death, burial and resurrection during His first coming to the world as the Redeemer. The “Christian” celebration of “Easter” is pagan man-made feast days that has bunnies and chocolate eggs as part of the celebrations that have no foundation or commands from the Holy Scriptures. The dates for the Jewish Feasts are:

  • Jewish Passover
  • 2014 – April 14-22;
  • 2015 – April 3-11.
  • The “Christian Passover/Easter”
  • 2014 – April 18-20.

The dates for the Christian Passover/Easter” are calculated the first Friday after the Pashal full moon. Western churches use the Gregorian calendar, the Orthodox churches use the Julian calendar.

As Yeshua Messiah, our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ fulfilled these feast days, He instituted the Lord’s Supper that we are to do in remembrance of His death. We read, as it is written:

1 Cor 11:23 For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread:
1 Cor 11:24 And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me.
1 Cor 11:25 After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.
1 Cor 11:26 For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord’s death till he come.

Pentecost (Shavuot)

This day was fulfilled after Yeshua Messiah ascended to the right hand of our Father YHVH and the Holy Spirit was sent to those who believed upon Him. This celebration takes place in the Hebrew calendar Sivan 6-7.

Ninth of Av (Fast of Tisha b’Av)

This day of commemoration is due to fine misfortunes which befell the Hebrew fathers – on 9th of Av – decreed fathers should not enter the promised land, first and second Temples destroyed, Bethar was captured and the city of Jerusalem was ploughed up. However, this day primarily commemorates the destruction of the first and second Temples by the Babylonians in 586BC and by the Romans in 70AD, respectively. The dates are as follows:

  • 2014 – August 4-5;
  • 2015 – July 25-26.

Feast of Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah)

This is the Civil New Year in the Hebrew calendar on 1 and 2 Tishri. This feast is yet to be fulfilled in Yeshua Messiah. The dates are as follows:

  • 2014 – September 24-26;
  • 2015 – September 13-15.

Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)

This festival day will be fulfilled at the second coming of Yeshua Messiah and this day is celebrated in the Hebrew calendar 10 Tishri. The dates are as follows:

  • 2014 – October 3-4;
  • 2015 – September 22-23.

Feast of Tabernacles/Booths (Sukkot)

This feast was partially fulfilled at the birth of Yeshua Messiah when He came to “tabernacle” amongst His people, and it will be fulfilled at Yeshua’s second coming. The feast takes place in the Hebrew calendar 15-21 Tishri. The dates are as follows:

  • 2014 – October 8-15;
  • 2015 – September 27 – October 4.

Shemini Atzeret/Simchat Torah

This is a Shabbat (Sabbath) Day that is declared as the eighth day of the Feast of Tabernacles. Inside Israel it is known as Shemini Atzeret and is celebrated on Tishri 22 and outside Israel it is known as Simchat Torah and is celebrated on Tishri 23. The occasion is rejoicing in the Torah (or Law) after the weekly reading of the Torah readings. The dates are as follows:

  • 2014 – October 15-17;
  • 2015 – October 4-6.

As can be seen from the dates for 2014 and 2015 they fluctuate and are never constant due to the Jews celebrating during the moon phases in their Hebrew months, just as YHVH had ordained from His Word given to His people Israel.

Soli Deo Gloria


Blog posting amended on September 15, 2015

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